Elgin James Bruce Eighth Earl Of 1811-1863 Lord Elgin Era His Qualities As A

statesman, 3-4; his success in Canada, 4; his lineage, 5-6; his personal

character, 6-8; education, 6; his contemporaries at college, 7; enters

Parliament, 8; accepts governorship of Jamaica, 9; death of his first

wife, 9; his successful administration in Jamaica, 10-12; returns to

England, 1846, 13; accepts governor-generalship of Canada, 13; his

second marriage, 14; influence of Durham, 15; contrasted with Durham,

his arrival in Montreal, 1847, 16, 26, 40, 41; views on the

political situation, 41-43; obtains from Imperial government

reimbursement of plague expenses, 48; his tour through Upper Canada, 49;

on agricultural associations, 50; dissolves Parliament, 50; calls upon

La Fontaine and Baldwin to form administration, 52; comments on

character of new government, 52-53; his letters to Lord Grey, 54-56;

views on the French question, 55-56; his antipathy to Papineau, 56; on

economic conditions, 57-58; on annexation sentiment, 58; on

inter-imperial trade, 58-59; his course in connection with Rebellion

Losses Bill, 71-78; attacked by mob, 74; Imperial government approves

his action in signing bill, 78; second visit to Upper Canada, 79; raised

to peerage, 80; condemns Annexation Manifesto, 81; on causes of

commercial depression, 82; urges reciprocity with United States, 82,

101, 107; vindication of his policy on Rebellion Losses Bill, 83-84;

views on education, 88-89; his admiration for Baldwin, 104; on

parliamentary representation, 118-119; on an elective Upper House,

120-121; visits England in 1853, 123; tribute from United States

minister in London, 123-124; visits Washington and negotiates

Reciprocity Treaty, 124; resents John Sandfield Macdonald's rebuke, 129;

on the appeal to the country in 1854, 132, 133; opens fifth Parliament,

135; advises repeal of Imperial Act of 1840, 164-165, 167; on the

attitude of the Church of England in Canada, 169; his efforts to kill

annexation sentiment, 189-190, 194, 195; his efforts to secure

reciprocity, 196; visits United States and negotiates treaty, 197; signs

treaty June 8, 1854, 198, 201; succeeded as governor-general by Sir

Edmund Head, Dec. 19, 1854, 203; parting address from Legislature, 203;

his reply, 204-205; his last speech in Quebec, 205-208; returns to

England, 209; views on colonial self-defence, 209-212; accepts mission

to China, 212; his part in suppressing Indian Mutiny, 213; negotiates

treaty of Tientsin, 214; official visit to Japan, 214; negotiates treaty

of Yeddo, 214; returns to England, 215; British apathy as to colonies,

215; becomes postmaster-general in Palmerston government, 215; Lord

Rector of Glasgow University, 215; his second mission to China, 215;

governor-general of India, 216; his tour in Northern India, 218; holds

Durbar at Agra, 218; suppresses Nahabu outbreak, 218; illness and death,

Nov. 20, 1863, 218-219; his views on Imperial honours, 222; his

principles of self-government, 227; on British connection, 229, 231; on

the status of a constitutional governor, 231-232; beneficial results of

his policy, 233, 235; on colonial self-government, 239-240; on the

American political system, 257-258. (George Brown Era) On causes of depression in

Canada, 32; his far-sighted statesmanship,--views on imperial unity, 33;

introduces self-government in Canada, 33; and the Rebellion Losses Bill,

34-38. (Sir John A Macdonald era) Succeeds Cathcart as governor-general, 26; upholds

responsible government, 32-33; gives assent to Rebellion Losses Bill,

36-38; mobbed in Montreal, 38; sober second judgment of the people

justifies his action in approving the bill, 41; his action approved by

British government, 42; effects Reciprocity Treaty with United States,

45, 98, 216. (Tilley era) Brings about Reciprocity Treaty, 29. (Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) Mentioned,

75; attitude to responsible government, 138; chosen by Liberal

government as governor-general, 272; his character, 272; his grasp of

the colonial situation, and attitude towards responsible government,

273; first to apply successfully the principle, 273; liberally

interprets his instructions, 274; marries Durham's daughter, 274; a

thorough believer in Durham's doctrines, 274; his statesmanlike grasp of

the true attitude of the governor, 274-275; enters Montreal, January,

1847, 275; Hincks on, 275-276; Draper on, 277; dissolves Parliament,

Dec. 6, 1847, 278; his solution of the Canadian question, 282-283; calls

Parliament at Montreal, Feb. 25, 1848, 283; sends for La Fontaine to

form ministry, 284; his high opinion of second La Fontaine-Baldwin

ministry, 285; interview with Baldwin and La Fontaine, 285-286; brings

session to a close, 286; on commercial depression in Canada, 301;

consents to Rebellion Losses Bill, 321; mobbed in Montreal, 305, 322,

324; his attitude towards the bill, 332-334; loyal reception to in

Toronto, 338. (Egerton Ryerson era) Concedes full measure of responsible government, 126.

(Sir Georges E. Cartier era) On education in Quebec, 5; urges Cartier to enter Cabinet, 22; and

the Rebellion Losses Bill, 32; his letter to Lord Grey on the state of

the country in 1849, 44; most enlightened and most popular governor

before Confederation, 98; aids cause of responsible government, 98. (Joseph Howe era)

Attends public dinner to Joseph Howe at Toronto 1851, 138; represents

British North America at Boston railway celebration, 1851, 250. (William Lyon Mackenzie era)

Assents to Amnesty Act, 480. =Bib.=: Morgan, Cel. Can.; Dent, Can.

Por. and Last Forty Years; Dict. Nat. Biog.; Walrond, Letters of

Lord Elgin; Wrong, The Earl of Elgin; Le Moine, Le Comte d'Elgin

(R. S. C., 1894).