War Of 1812

Declared by the United States against Great Britain in

June, 1812. The president in his message to Congress specified the

grounds for war as follows: Non-revocation of the orders-in-council;

interference with American trade; practical blockade of American ports;

impressment of American seamen, and the instigation of Indian

hostilities against the United States. The original intention of the

American government was the
onquest of the British provinces on the

northern border, and several of the most important engagements were

fought on Canadian soil. After severe fighting with varying success, a

treaty of peace was signed at Ghent on Dec. 24, 1814. By this treaty all

territory taken by either country (except some islands on the Bay of

Passamaquoddy) was to be restored. All the American claims that led to

the war were left unsettled by the treaty. =Index=: (Egerton Ryerson era) Loyalty of

Methodists in, 41; its aftermath, 41. (Louis Joseph Papineau era) Services rendered by Papineau,

5. (Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks era) Stills for the time the internal conflict of races, 8-9. See

also Stoney Creek; Queenston Heights; Chateauguay; Chrystler's Farm;

Beaver Dam; Brock; FitzGibbon; Sheaffe; Van Rensselaer; Hull. =Bib.=:

Lucas, Canadian War of 1812; Richardson, War of 1812; Cruikshank,

Documentary History of the Campaign and Record of the Services of

Canadian Regiments in the War of 1812; Roosevelt, Naval War of 1812;

Auchinleck, War between Great Britain and the United States; Coffin,

1812: the War and its Moral; Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the War

of 1812; Irving, Officers of the British Forces in Canada during the

War of 1812-14; Mahan, Naval War of 1812; Hannay, War of 1812-14.

See also other references in Lit. Am. Hist.