Prince Edward Island

Under the name of Isle St. John, it appears in

Champlain's narrative and on his map. The name is found on earlier maps,

and both the discovery and naming of the island have been attributed to

Cabot, and again to Cartier, but without sufficient proof. It bore that

name until the year 1798, when the present form was adopted, in honour

of the Duke of Kent, father of Queen Victoria. During the French regime,

it was largely
settled by Acadian families, but these were expelled

after the island came under British rule. In 1769 the island was granted

to a number of proprietors, and settlement was very slow. It formed part

of Nova Scotia until 1769, when it was made a separate province.

Responsible government was granted in 1851; and in 1873 the province

entered Confederation. =Index=: (Lord Elgin era) Land question in, 143-144; 174-175.

(George Brown Era) Withdraws from Confederation scheme, 185-186. (Sir John A Macdonald era) Electors reject

proposals of Quebec Conference in 1865, 147; again reject Confederation

terms in 1866, 147; Macdonald's interest in acquisition of, 148;

financial difficulties lead to union in 1873, 148-149; railway debt of,

assumed by Canada, 149. (Lord Dorchester era) Carleton arranges to visit, 235; difficulty

in transfer of governorship from Patterson to Fanning, 235. See also

Charlottetown. =Bib.=: Campbell, History of Prince Edward Island.