Prince Edward Island
Under the name of Isle St. John, it appears in
Champlain's narrative and on his map. The name is found on earlier maps,
and both the discovery and naming of the island have been attributed to
Cabot, and again to Cartier, but without sufficient proof. It bore that
name until the year 1798, when the present form was adopted, in honour
of the Duke of Kent, father of Queen Victoria. During the French regime,
it was largely
settled by Acadian families, but these were expelled
after the island came under British rule. In 1769 the island was granted
to a number of proprietors, and settlement was very slow. It formed part
of Nova Scotia until 1769, when it was made a separate province.
Responsible government was granted in 1851; and in 1873 the province
entered Confederation. =Index=: (Lord Elgin era) Land question in, 143-144; 174-175.
(George Brown Era) Withdraws from Confederation scheme, 185-186. (Sir John A Macdonald era) Electors reject
proposals of Quebec Conference in 1865, 147; again reject Confederation
terms in 1866, 147; Macdonald's interest in acquisition of, 148;
financial difficulties lead to union in 1873, 148-149; railway debt of,
assumed by Canada, 149. (Lord Dorchester era) Carleton arranges to visit, 235; difficulty
in transfer of governorship from Patterson to Fanning, 235. See also
Charlottetown. =Bib.=: Campbell, History of Prince Edward Island.