British Columbia

Area 372,630 square miles. Vancouver Island became a

crown colony in 1849; ten years later the mainland was organized as a

separate colony; in 1866 island and mainland became one; and in 1871 the

colony became a province of the Dominion of Canada. =Index=: (Sir James Douglas era) Organic

existence since 1859, or including Vancouver Island, since 1849, 1;

origin of name, 57; gold-fields, 22; created separate colony, 1858, 229;

early government of, 231-235; revenue, 232; roads, etc., 232, 237-238,

249-253; relations with the Hudson's Bay Company, 233; character of

early population, 241-243; formal establishment of colony at Fort

Langley, 1858, 245-246; Hill's Bar affair, 248-249; plans for

transcontinental road, 253-254; population in 1859, 256; agriculture,

256-257; financial problems, 258-262; dissatisfaction with dual

governorship, 289; popular grievances, 290-291; views of Douglas,

291-293; Legislative Council, 294-297; union of British Columbia and

Vancouver Island, 297-300, 308; British Columbia Legislature meets for

first time in Victoria, Dec. 17, 1867, 311; entry into Dominion,

311-316; terms of union, 313-315; first Legislative Assembly after the

union, 315; transcontinental railway, 317-328; population, 1900,328;

agriculture, 329-330; fisheries, 330-331; lumber, 332-333; minerals,

333-334; industrial problems, 335; oriental labour, 336-337; education,

338-340. (Sir John A Macdonald era) Opposition to entry into Confederation, 149; difficulties

removed, 149; terms of union, 149-150; union completed, July 20, 1871,

150; difficulties over building of Canadian Pacific Railway drive

province to verge of secession, 215, 233-234. =Bib.=: Begg, History of

British Columbia; Bancroft, History of British Columbia; Macdonald,

British Columbia and Vancouver's Island; Macfie, Vancouver Island and

British Columbia; Morice, The History of the Northern Interior of

British Columbia; Herring, Among the People of British Columbia;

Fitzgerald, The Hudson's Bay Company and Vancouver Island; Mayne,

Four Years in British Columbia; Baillie-Grohman, Sport and Life in

Western America and British Columbia; Metin, La Colombie Britannique;

Indians of British Columbia (R. S. C., 1888); Langevin, Report on

British Columbia.