A seaport, and the capital of Nova Scotia; founded in 1749

and named after the Earl of Halifax, then president of the Board of

Trade. The first settlers were brought out from England in that year by

Governor Cornwallis, in thirteen transports; following year made the

capital of the province (then including New Brunswick), instead of

Annapolis; in 1842 incorporated as a city; became, with its

fortifications, observatory
stations, harbour mines, etc., one of the

fortresses of the Empire and the chief British naval station in North

America; garrisoned by Imperial troops until 1905, when they were

withdrawn and replaced by a Canadian garrison. =Index=: (Joseph Howe era) Birthplace

of Joseph Howe, 1; the North-West Arm, 1; Melville Island, 5; newspapers

(see Chronicle; Acadian; Nova Scotian); municipal government in,

in 1835, 20; Howe's trial for libelling magistrates of the city, 21, 29;

represented by Howe and Annand, 1836, 29; bill for incorporation of, 69;

Howe re-elected for, 73; James MacNab elected for, 106; railway

communication with Windsor, 118. =Bib.=: MacMechan, Halifax in Books,

a collection of pen-pictures of Halifax and its people by many writers

from Edmund Burke to Rudyard Kipling, and including Marsden,

Narrative; Tom Moore, Letters; McGregor, Maritime Colonies of

British America; Moorsom, Letters from Nova Scotia; Sleigh, Pine

Forests; Mrs. Williams, Neutral French; Marryat, Frank Mildmay;

Dickens, American Notes; Johnston, Notes on North America; Cozzens,

Acadia; Sladen, On the Cars and Off; Haliburton, Nova Scotia;

Thomas B. Akins, History of Halifax (Nova Scotia Hist. Soc. Trans.,

vol. 8); Mackay, Sketch of City of Halifax, in Canada: An Ency.,

vol. 5; Regan, Sketches and Traditions of the North-West Arm;

Selections from the Public Documents of Nova Scotia, ed. by Akins.