An island on the southern side of the entrance to the Baie de

Chaleur. Name probably of Indian origin. First appears in Champlain's

narrative. It was the reputed home of the Gougou, a very remarkable

monster, described by Champlain. Cartier sighted the island in 1534,

when sailing into the Baie de Chaleur. He named Miscou Point, Cap

d'Esperance. A Basque establishment is mentioned here as early as 1623;

and in 1645 Nicolas Denys built a fort about the same place, having

secured a concession from the Company of Miscou. =Index=: (Samuel de Champlain era) French

habitation at, seized by Kirke, 177; Jesuit mission at, 234, 235.