Canadian History Dictionary Peace River
A tributary of the Mackenzie; rises in Thutage Lake, in
Founded by Antoine de la Motte Cadillac (q.v.) in 1701. The
Pelletier Sir Charles Alphonse Pantaleon 1837- Born At Riviere
Ouelle, Quebec. Educated at Laval University; studied law, and ...
The Relations were published in Paris, by the
provincial of th...
Keefer Thomas Coltrin 1821- Born At Thorold Ontario Engaged In
the enlargement of the Welland Canal, 1841-1845, and then trans...
Archibald Sir Adams George 1814-1892 Educated At Pictou Academy
Studied law; in 1838 called to the bar of Prince Edward Island;...
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Dangerous situation of, 4.
Schuyler Peter 1657-1724 Born In Albany Appointed Lieutenant In
the militia, 1685, and served in the colonial and Indian wars. ...
Annand William 1808-1892 Born In Halifax County Entered The Nova
Scotia Assembly as one of the members for Halifax, 1836; financ...
Le Canada Faict Par Le Sr De Champlain Ou Sont La Nouvelle France
La Nouvelle Angleterre, La Nouvelle Hollande, La Nouvelle Suede...
(General Brock era) Passed by Congress, 84.
Buade Antoine De
(Count Frontenac era) Grandfather of Frontenac, 61.
Campbell Robert 1808-1894 Entered Service Of Hudson's Bay Company
1832, and sent to the Mackenzie River district, 1834. For the n...
Index : Lord Dorchester Era His Hatred Of Great Britain 274 281 General Brock Era Maintains
non-intercourse with Britain and France, 120; his warlike messa...
Index : Samuel De Champlain Era Temporary Viceroy Of New France 123
On south shore of St. Lawrence, opposite Quebec.
(Bishop Laval era) Establishes first brotherhood of the Holy Fa...
Avaugour Pierre Dubois Baron D'
Governor of New France, 1661-1663,
succeeding D'Argenson. =Ind...
Bib : For His Works See James Bibliography Of Canadian Poetry
For biog., see Burpee, Charles Heavysege (R. S. C., 1901); Rose...
Ste Croix Island
Near the entrance to the Bay of Fundy; explored by
Howe Joseph 1804-1873 Joseph Howe Era Born At Halifax 1804 1 His Father
John Howe, a United Empire Loyalist, 1, 2; his Southampton speech, 1851,
1, 2; his character, 3; his education, 3; a voracious reader, 3;
tributes to his father, 2, 4; learns trade of printer, 4; early poems,
5; establishes the Acadian, 6; buys Nova Scotian, 6; extends its
influence, 7; his Rambles, 8; his marriage, 8; The Club, 9;
friendship for Haliburton, 10; political writings, 10,11; develops
Liberal principles, 19, 20; attacks Halifax magistrates in his paper,
20; sued for libel, 1835, 21; pleads his own case, 22-25; his address to
jury, 25-28; wins case, 28; elected to represent Halifax in Legislature,
1836, 29; his principles of government, 29-31; physical and mental
characteristics, 31-33; his moral courage, 33; in Legislature, 1837,
36-44; debate on the resolutions, 41; moves address to crown, praying
for responsible government, 45; his speech in Legislature, 1838, 47;
advocates constitutional reform, but opposed to rebellion, 50, 51; his
patriotic action in Maine boundary dispute, 52, 53; letters to Lord John
Russell, 54, 55; his political principles, 59; moves want of confidence
in Executive Council, 62; moves address to queen praying for recall of
Sir Colin Campbell, 66; meets Poulett Thompson, 68; invited to a seat in
the Council, 69; defends his action in accepting office, 72-73;
re-elected for Halifax, 73; becomes Speaker of the House, 74; appointed
collector of customs at Halifax, 74; resigns speakership, 75; question
of ministerial responsibility, 75-76; his quarrel with the Baptists,
77-78; advocates compulsory education, 79-80; and a central,
undenominational college, 82; the election of 1843, 84-85; resigns from
the Cabinet, 86-87; attacks Lord Falkland through the newspapers, 90;
assumes editorial management of the Nova Scotian and Morning
Chronicle, 90; his first editorial, 91; described by Annand, 92; he
lampoons Falkland in verse, 93; political tour of the province, 94; his
speech at Cornwallis, 95-96; complimentary addresses, 96-97; speeches in
the Legislature, 1845, 97-98; attacks Falkland in Legislature, 100-101;
justifies his action in letter to his constituents, 101-102; again
offered seat in the Council, 103; declines the offer, 104; moves his
family from Halifax to Musquodoboit, 104-105; wins the election of 1847,
106-107; his character, 109; becomes provincial secretary in Uniacke
government, 111; secures responsible government for Nova Scotia, 113;
his reply to the manifesto of the British American League, 114-115;
advocates railway from Halifax to Windsor, in 1835, 117; 120-121;
favourable to government ownership of railways, 120, 123; sails for
England to explain Intercolonial Railway project to the government, 125;
his letters on the subject to Earl Grey, 125-126; his Southampton
speech, 1851, 127-128; obtains Imperial guarantee of railway, 130-132;
secures co-operation of New Brunswick and Canada, 134-138; predicts
transcontinental railway, 135; given public dinners at Toronto and
Montreal, 138; elected for Cumberland County, 1851, 139-141; brings down
railway measures, 141; Intercolonial scheme blocked, 141-143; reverts to
his original policy of building railways in Nova Scotia as a government
work, 143; raises a provincial loan in England, 144; railway measures
passed by Legislature, 145; becomes chief commissioner of railways, 146;
visits United States to secure recruits for British army, 151-155;
defeated by Tupper in Cumberland, 1855, 156; returned by acclamation for
Hants County, 1856, 157-158; his open letter to Gladstone, 159; attacks
Irish Roman Catholics, 160-162; results in defeat of government,
163-167; Liberals returned to power in 1859, 168; and Howe becomes
premier, 169; appointed fishery commissioner for carrying out provisions
of Reciprocity Treaty of 1854, 170; defeated, with his party, in
election of 1863, 171; opposes Confederation, 173; an Imperial
federationist, 174; declines to take part in Charlottetown Conference,
1864, 177; offered editorship of New York Albion, 182-183; his
articles against Confederation, 186, 189; outlines grounds of his
opposition, 190-191; continues the fight in London, 192; correspondence
with W.J. Stairs, 192-197; works up Anti-Confederation sentiment in Nova
Scotia, 199; his Bridgetown meeting, 200-202; sweeps the province in
both Dominion and Provincial elections, 202; fight for repeal of the
union, 203; meets Tupper in London, 205; hesitates as to further
agitation for repeal, 207-210; rebukes Acadian Recorder for suggesting
violence to Sir John Macdonald, 210-212; meets Macdonald at Halifax,
213; correspondence with Macdonald, 215-216; interview with Annand,
217-218; refuses overtures of repealers, 219-223; conference at Portland
with A.W. McLellan, and Sir John Rose, 223-224; enters Dominion Cabinet,
1868, 225; re-elected in Hants, 226; visits Winnipeg, 1869, 227;
correspondence in relation to Red River Rebellion, 227; his character as
a statesman contrasted with that of Sir John Macdonald, 228-229; becomes
lieutenant-governor of Nova Scotia, 1873, 229; visits England and the
continent, 1838, 231; advocates ocean steamship service, 232-235;
challenged by Dr. Almon, 236; and by John C. Haliburton, 236; justifies
acceptance of the challenge in letter to his sister, 237-241; the duel,
241-242; letters to his wife and to the people of Nova Scotia, 242-244;
Sir Rupert D. George's challenge, 244; his practical interest in the
Micmacs, 245; opposes prohibition, 248-250; his speech at Boston, 1851,
250; his tribute to Edward Everett in 1857, 251; his Detroit speech of
1865 on trade relations, 252-254; acts as member of Prince Edward Island
Land Grants Commission, 254-255; as a man of letters, 257-270; his
poems, 260-268; oration at Shakespeare tercentenary, 264; his friendship
for Haliburton, 267; his social qualities, 271; secret of his
popularity, 272-274; his influence upon public men and public life,
277-278; his religious views, 279-280; his family, 282; as governor of
Nova Scotia, 283-284; his death, 284; funeral, 285-286; estimate of his
public work, 287-290; opposed to Pacific Railway policy in 1872,
299-300. (Lord Elgin era) A consistent advocate of British connection, 22; on
parliamentary government, 51, 90; the father of responsible government
in the Maritime Provinces, 92; a constitutional agitator, 92; accuses
Hincks of breach of faith in Intercolonial Railway scheme, 101; on
Imperial honours and offices for distinguished colonials, 221; becomes
lieutenant-governor of Nova Scotia, 221; a constructive statesman, 236.
(George Brown Era) In Dominion government--relations with Sir John Macdonald, 203. (Lord Sydenham era)
Advocates responsible government, 107, 257; approves of Sydenham's
propositions, 261; editor of Nova Scotian, 110. (Tilley era) Goes to England in
Intercolonial matter, 55; second mission to England, 57; advocates
Confederation, 62, 63; discusses tariff with Tilley, 70, 71; quoted for
and against Confederation, 117. =Bib.=: Works: Speeches and Public
Letters of Joseph Howe, ed. by Chisholm; Poems and Essays. For biog.,
see Fenety, Life and Times of Joseph Howe; Bourinot, Builders of
Nova Scotia; Saunders, Three Premiers of Nova Scotia; Dent, Can.
Por.; Taylor, Brit. Am.; Rose, Cyc. Can. Biog.
Next: Howe William Viscount 1729-1814 Brother Of George Augustus
Previous: Howe John