Canadian History Dictionary Pennahouel
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Ancient Indian warrior, 38, 41, 42.
Mcgill Peter 1789-1860 Born In Scotland Emigrated To Canada In
1809; became a wealthy merchant of Montreal. President of the B...
(Lord Elgin era) Commissioner under Seigniorial Tenure law, 186...
(Samuel de Champlain era) Accompanies Champlain to Quebec, 1620...
Equal Rights Association
Formed in Toronto, in 1889, to secure the
disallowance of the ...
Cadet Joseph Michel
Began life as a butcher; won the confidence of
the intendant B...
May Sir Humphrey 1573-1630 Born In England Educated At Oxford In
1604 groom of the King's privy chamber; in 1618 surveyor of the...
Royal North-west Mounted Police
Organized in 1873 by the Dominion
government, for the preserva...
Thompson David 1770-1857 Born In The Parish Of St John's
Westminster, England. Educated at the Gray Coat School; and ent...
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Uncle of Sir Frederick Haldimand,...
Lansdowne Henry Charles Keith Petty-fitzmaurice Fifth Marquis Of
Born in 1845. Educated at Eton and Balliol College, Oxford; suc...
Great Western Railway
Charter granted 1834, and renewed 1845.
Absorbed by the Grand ...
Mcevoy J M
(John Graves Simcoe era) His pamphlet on The Ontario Township q...
Strachan John 1778-1867 Born In Aberdeen Scotland Graduated At
King's College, Aberdeen, 1796. Came to Canada, 1799, and opene...
Bruyeres Lieutenant-colonel R E
(General Brock era) Reports on condition of forts
in Upper Can...
Lattaignant Gabriel De
(Samuel de Champlain era) Assists in forming Company of New
Constitutional Act 1791
The Act was designed to harmonize the
conflicting interests of...
(Lord Dorchester era) Loyalists, 202.
Below Quebec. =Index=: (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Residence ...
Robie Simon Bradstreet
(Joseph Howe era) Member of Executive Council, Nova Scotia,
Hudson's Bay Company
Organized by a number of English gentlemen, who
sent out a trading expedition to Hudson Bay, in the Nonsuch, in 1668.
This initial venture proved so successful that two other ships were sent
out in 1670; and the same year King Charles granted a charter
incorporating them as "The Governor and Company of Adventurers of
England trading into Hudson's Bay." For many years the operations of the
Company were confined to the shores of Hudson Bay, but the pressure of
competition eventually forced them inland, and at the height of their
power they had established trading-posts from Labrador to the Pacific,
and from California almost to the Arctic. In 1821, the rival North West
Company (q.v.) was absorbed; and in 1869 the company surrendered to
Canada its territorial rights in British North America. =Index=: (Count Frontenac era)
203; trading done and posts established by, 204; redress claimed by, for
losses inflicted by the French, 343. (Lord Dorchester era) Its territory not included in
Canada, 7. (George Brown Era) Deputation of Red River settlers sent to England to
complain of misgovernment by, 212; Gladstone admits charter of Company
not valid, 212; Globe on company's misgovernment of North-West
Territories, 213-214; attacked in series of letters in the Globe,
signed "Huron," 215-216; Toronto Board of Trade on, 216; George Brown
on, 219; Canada takes over North-West Territories, and compensates
Company therefor, 220-221. (Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson era) Early policy of, 1; attitude of natives
to, 2; opposition of Montreal traders (afterwards North West Company),
2, 3; sends Hearne inland, 3; averse to conflict with North West
Company, 5; builds posts in Assiniboine and Red River country, 5, 6;
absorbs North West Company, 8; policy towards natives, 51; sends George
Clarke to explore, 56; his incompetence, 56; then sends Philip Turner,
1791, 56; legal basis of its title, 143-145; Selkirk purchases tract of
land in Red River valley, 146; Parliamentary Report of 1857, 212; union
of the Companies, 213-214; takes over management of Selkirk colony, 222;
establishes Council of Assiniboia, 223; notable leaders after the union
of the Companies, 220-223; its influence on side of government, in
Rebellion of 1837, 242; its license to trade renewed, 271; the Report of
1857, 271; opposition to further renewal, 271; evidence taken by
committee, 272-278; committee's report, 279; defended by Sir George
Simpson before Parliamentary committee, 272-278. (Sir James Douglas era) Influence upon
development of Pacific coast, 4; operations typical of British colonial
policy, 11; established in the interior, 12; conserves British interests
in Western America, 17, 18; charged with neglecting to search for route
to Pacific, 51; absorbs North West Company, 1821, 73, 93; birth of, 73;
provisions of its charter, 73-74; its trade and explorations, 74; its
organization, 75-76; its Western department, 76-77; trade routes, 77-78;
its farms on Puget Sound, etc., 78; grist mills and other enterprises,
78; supplies Russians with flour, etc., 78; opens coal mines on
Vancouver Island, 78; influence of these industries on settlement, 79;
treatment of Indians, 79-81; trading-posts, 82; brigades and "York
boats," 82; famous officers of, 83-86; ambitious designs on Pacific
coast and beyond, 114; attempt to establish post on Stikine River,
119-120; permission obtained from Russians to build post on Taku River,
121; operations on Liard and Yukon, 123-125; invades California before
1830, 126; builds post at junction of Sacramento and Jesus Maria rivers,
126; establishes post on San Francisco Bay, 127; sells post and retires
from San Francisco Bay, 127; meets competition of American traders and
companies, 134-136; attitude towards Oregon settlers, 143-144; license
to trade of 1821 renewed in 1838, 191; its provisions, 192; acquires
Vancouver Island, 194; attitude towards settlement there, 194-195;
quarrels with settlers, 198-199; Report of Committee, 1857, 201-202;
license to trade in British Columbia revoked, 1858, 229; relations
towards British Columbia government, 1858, 233-234; Douglas's relation
towards, 263; defends its policy, 264-265; officers of Company at
Victoria, 265; influence with natives, 266-267; builds first Protestant
church at Victoria, 1855, 269. (Sir Georges E. Cartier era) Cartier and MacDougall sent to
England by Canadian government in 1869 to negotiate purchase of
Company's territories in North-West, 68; Company asks exorbitant price,
68; persuaded by Lord Grey to accept L300,000, 68. (General Brock era) Its voyageurs
assist in capture of Michilimackinac, 210. (Sir John A Macdonald era) Its claims investigated,
83; terms upon which it agreed to transfer to the crown its rights to
North-West Territories, 156; protest against unauthorized proceedings in
Red River Settlement, 157. See North-West Company; X Y Company; Fur
Trade; Selkirk. =Bib.=: Bryce, Hudson's Bay Company; Willson, Great
Company; Laut, Conquest of the Great North-West; Burpee, Search for
the Western Sea; Bryce, Romantic History of Lord Selkirk's Colonists;
Ross, Red River Settlement; Hargrave, Red River; Begg, History of
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