Canadian History Dictionary Simonds Charles
(Wilmot era) Delegate to England to represent New Brunswick
Westminster Conference 1866
To settle finally the plan on which the
Confederation of the p...
Area 31,800 square miles. Discovered by Etienne Brule,
Beaupre Seigniory Of
(Bishop Laval era) Acquired for Seminary of Quebec, 58;
Ellice Edward 1781-1863 Louis Joseph Papineau Era Seignior Of Beauharnois Suggests To
colonial secretary union of Upper and Lower Canada, 47; his des...
Thurlow Edward Baron 1731-1806 Born In Norfolk England Entered
Parliament for Tamworth, 1768. In 1770 appointed solicitor-gene...
Bib : Hopkins Canada: An Ency Vol 2 Cross The Anglican
Episcopate and the American Colonies; Anderson, History of Chur...
Brought up as a draper; drifted to the West Indies,
where he h...
Bib : Dict Nat Biog
(Joseph Howe era) Supports Confederation, 186; member of Nova
Bib : Works: Vie De Laval Henri De Bernieres Le Docteur
Labrie; Quebec en 1730; Mgr. de Saint-Vallier et son Temps;
(Bishop Laval era) Nephew of Huron chief, deserts to the Iroquo...
Fort Kamloops Fort Thompson Sir James Douglas Era Hudson's Bay Company Post Built
in 1813, 98.
Vergennes Charles Gravier Count De 1717-1787 Born In Dijon
Educated there at the Jesuit College. In 1740 entered the diplo...
William Iv 1765-1837 King Of England Third Son Of George Iii And
Queen Charlotte; born in Buckingham Palace. On June 26, 1830, s...
Noble Colonel Arthur
A Massachusetts officer, sent by Governor
Shirley in 1746 to o...
Smith James 1808-1868 Born In Montreal Studied Law And Called To
the bar of Lower Canada, 1830. Elected to the Legislature for
(Lord Sydenham era) Merchant, father of Sydenham, 4; adds "Poul...
Spencer John Charles Third Earl 1782-1845 Entered Parliament
1804, and sat almost continuously to 1834; chancellor of the ex...
Vallieres De St Real Joseph-remi 1787-1847 Born In Markham Upper
Canada. Called to the bar, 1812, and practised in Quebec. In 18...
Hudson's Bay Company
Organized by a number of English gentlemen, who
sent out a trading expedition to Hudson Bay, in the Nonsuch, in 1668.
This initial venture proved so successful that two other ships were sent
out in 1670; and the same year King Charles granted a charter
incorporating them as "The Governor and Company of Adventurers of
England trading into Hudson's Bay." For many years the operations of the
Company were confined to the shores of Hudson Bay, but the pressure of
competition eventually forced them inland, and at the height of their
power they had established trading-posts from Labrador to the Pacific,
and from California almost to the Arctic. In 1821, the rival North West
Company (q.v.) was absorbed; and in 1869 the company surrendered to
Canada its territorial rights in British North America. =Index=: (Count Frontenac era)
203; trading done and posts established by, 204; redress claimed by, for
losses inflicted by the French, 343. (Lord Dorchester era) Its territory not included in
Canada, 7. (George Brown Era) Deputation of Red River settlers sent to England to
complain of misgovernment by, 212; Gladstone admits charter of Company
not valid, 212; Globe on company's misgovernment of North-West
Territories, 213-214; attacked in series of letters in the Globe,
signed "Huron," 215-216; Toronto Board of Trade on, 216; George Brown
on, 219; Canada takes over North-West Territories, and compensates
Company therefor, 220-221. (Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson era) Early policy of, 1; attitude of natives
to, 2; opposition of Montreal traders (afterwards North West Company),
2, 3; sends Hearne inland, 3; averse to conflict with North West
Company, 5; builds posts in Assiniboine and Red River country, 5, 6;
absorbs North West Company, 8; policy towards natives, 51; sends George
Clarke to explore, 56; his incompetence, 56; then sends Philip Turner,
1791, 56; legal basis of its title, 143-145; Selkirk purchases tract of
land in Red River valley, 146; Parliamentary Report of 1857, 212; union
of the Companies, 213-214; takes over management of Selkirk colony, 222;
establishes Council of Assiniboia, 223; notable leaders after the union
of the Companies, 220-223; its influence on side of government, in
Rebellion of 1837, 242; its license to trade renewed, 271; the Report of
1857, 271; opposition to further renewal, 271; evidence taken by
committee, 272-278; committee's report, 279; defended by Sir George
Simpson before Parliamentary committee, 272-278. (Sir James Douglas era) Influence upon
development of Pacific coast, 4; operations typical of British colonial
policy, 11; established in the interior, 12; conserves British interests
in Western America, 17, 18; charged with neglecting to search for route
to Pacific, 51; absorbs North West Company, 1821, 73, 93; birth of, 73;
provisions of its charter, 73-74; its trade and explorations, 74; its
organization, 75-76; its Western department, 76-77; trade routes, 77-78;
its farms on Puget Sound, etc., 78; grist mills and other enterprises,
78; supplies Russians with flour, etc., 78; opens coal mines on
Vancouver Island, 78; influence of these industries on settlement, 79;
treatment of Indians, 79-81; trading-posts, 82; brigades and "York
boats," 82; famous officers of, 83-86; ambitious designs on Pacific
coast and beyond, 114; attempt to establish post on Stikine River,
119-120; permission obtained from Russians to build post on Taku River,
121; operations on Liard and Yukon, 123-125; invades California before
1830, 126; builds post at junction of Sacramento and Jesus Maria rivers,
126; establishes post on San Francisco Bay, 127; sells post and retires
from San Francisco Bay, 127; meets competition of American traders and
companies, 134-136; attitude towards Oregon settlers, 143-144; license
to trade of 1821 renewed in 1838, 191; its provisions, 192; acquires
Vancouver Island, 194; attitude towards settlement there, 194-195;
quarrels with settlers, 198-199; Report of Committee, 1857, 201-202;
license to trade in British Columbia revoked, 1858, 229; relations
towards British Columbia government, 1858, 233-234; Douglas's relation
towards, 263; defends its policy, 264-265; officers of Company at
Victoria, 265; influence with natives, 266-267; builds first Protestant
church at Victoria, 1855, 269. (Sir Georges E. Cartier era) Cartier and MacDougall sent to
England by Canadian government in 1869 to negotiate purchase of
Company's territories in North-West, 68; Company asks exorbitant price,
68; persuaded by Lord Grey to accept L300,000, 68. (General Brock era) Its voyageurs
assist in capture of Michilimackinac, 210. (Sir John A Macdonald era) Its claims investigated,
83; terms upon which it agreed to transfer to the crown its rights to
North-West Territories, 156; protest against unauthorized proceedings in
Red River Settlement, 157. See North-West Company; X Y Company; Fur
Trade; Selkirk. =Bib.=: Bryce, Hudson's Bay Company; Willson, Great
Company; Laut, Conquest of the Great North-West; Burpee, Search for
the Western Sea; Bryce, Romantic History of Lord Selkirk's Colonists;
Ross, Red River Settlement; Hargrave, Red River; Begg, History of
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