Canadian History Dictionary Andehoua
(Samuel de Champlain era) Indian youth baptized, 233.
Carver Jonathan 1732-1780 Born At Stillwater New York Joined The
company of rangers raised by John Burk of Northfield, 1756-1757...
Norquay John 1841-1889 Born In St Andrews Manitoba After The
suppression of the Riel Rebellion, elected to the Assembly of M...
Juchereau De St Denis
(Count Frontenac era) Wounded in skirmish on Beauport flats,
Rothery Henry Cadogan 1817-1888 George Brown Era Registrar Of The High Court Of
Admiralty in England,--prepares Canadian case in fisheries arbi...
Richards Sir William Buell 1815-1889 Born In Brockville Ontario
Studied law and called to the bar of Upper Canada, 1837. Electe...
Wentworth Sir John 1737-1820 Born In Portsmouth New Hampshire
Educated at Harvard. In 1765 went to England as agent of the pr...
Anian Strait Of
Dr. Ruge says that the name arose through a
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Seneca chief, serving under John ...
Franklin Benjamin 1706-1790 American Statesman And Philosopher
A Map Of The Sea Coast Of New England According To The Actual Survey
made thereof by Captain Cyprian Southack. As also the outlines ...
See Howse Pass.
(Count Frontenac era) Complete absence of, in New France,
Travels Of Captain Peter Pond Of Milford From April 1773 To March
1790. Extracted from his own Map by Ezra Stiles, March 25, 1690...
Chateauneuf Pierre Antoine De Castaguere Marquis De 1644-1728
(Samuel de Champlain era) French ambassador in London, instruct...
Dunlop William 1795?-1848 Born In Scotland Served As A Regimental
surgeon in War of 1812 and in India. Came to Canada in 1826, wi...
(Lord Dorchester era) Coadjutor bishop of Quebec, on education ...
Meredith Sir William Ralph 1840- Born In The County Of Middlesex
Ontario. Educated at the London District Grammar School, and at...
(Lord Elgin era) Measures relating to, passed by second La
Lytton Edward George Earle Lytton Bulwer Baron 1803-1873 Novelist
and statesman. =Index=: (Lord Elgin era) Colonial secretary,--h...
Hudson's Bay Company
Organized by a number of English gentlemen, who
sent out a trading expedition to Hudson Bay, in the Nonsuch, in 1668.
This initial venture proved so successful that two other ships were sent
out in 1670; and the same year King Charles granted a charter
incorporating them as "The Governor and Company of Adventurers of
England trading into Hudson's Bay." For many years the operations of the
Company were confined to the shores of Hudson Bay, but the pressure of
competition eventually forced them inland, and at the height of their
power they had established trading-posts from Labrador to the Pacific,
and from California almost to the Arctic. In 1821, the rival North West
Company (q.v.) was absorbed; and in 1869 the company surrendered to
Canada its territorial rights in British North America. =Index=: (Count Frontenac era)
203; trading done and posts established by, 204; redress claimed by, for
losses inflicted by the French, 343. (Lord Dorchester era) Its territory not included in
Canada, 7. (George Brown Era) Deputation of Red River settlers sent to England to
complain of misgovernment by, 212; Gladstone admits charter of Company
not valid, 212; Globe on company's misgovernment of North-West
Territories, 213-214; attacked in series of letters in the Globe,
signed "Huron," 215-216; Toronto Board of Trade on, 216; George Brown
on, 219; Canada takes over North-West Territories, and compensates
Company therefor, 220-221. (Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson era) Early policy of, 1; attitude of natives
to, 2; opposition of Montreal traders (afterwards North West Company),
2, 3; sends Hearne inland, 3; averse to conflict with North West
Company, 5; builds posts in Assiniboine and Red River country, 5, 6;
absorbs North West Company, 8; policy towards natives, 51; sends George
Clarke to explore, 56; his incompetence, 56; then sends Philip Turner,
1791, 56; legal basis of its title, 143-145; Selkirk purchases tract of
land in Red River valley, 146; Parliamentary Report of 1857, 212; union
of the Companies, 213-214; takes over management of Selkirk colony, 222;
establishes Council of Assiniboia, 223; notable leaders after the union
of the Companies, 220-223; its influence on side of government, in
Rebellion of 1837, 242; its license to trade renewed, 271; the Report of
1857, 271; opposition to further renewal, 271; evidence taken by
committee, 272-278; committee's report, 279; defended by Sir George
Simpson before Parliamentary committee, 272-278. (Sir James Douglas era) Influence upon
development of Pacific coast, 4; operations typical of British colonial
policy, 11; established in the interior, 12; conserves British interests
in Western America, 17, 18; charged with neglecting to search for route
to Pacific, 51; absorbs North West Company, 1821, 73, 93; birth of, 73;
provisions of its charter, 73-74; its trade and explorations, 74; its
organization, 75-76; its Western department, 76-77; trade routes, 77-78;
its farms on Puget Sound, etc., 78; grist mills and other enterprises,
78; supplies Russians with flour, etc., 78; opens coal mines on
Vancouver Island, 78; influence of these industries on settlement, 79;
treatment of Indians, 79-81; trading-posts, 82; brigades and "York
boats," 82; famous officers of, 83-86; ambitious designs on Pacific
coast and beyond, 114; attempt to establish post on Stikine River,
119-120; permission obtained from Russians to build post on Taku River,
121; operations on Liard and Yukon, 123-125; invades California before
1830, 126; builds post at junction of Sacramento and Jesus Maria rivers,
126; establishes post on San Francisco Bay, 127; sells post and retires
from San Francisco Bay, 127; meets competition of American traders and
companies, 134-136; attitude towards Oregon settlers, 143-144; license
to trade of 1821 renewed in 1838, 191; its provisions, 192; acquires
Vancouver Island, 194; attitude towards settlement there, 194-195;
quarrels with settlers, 198-199; Report of Committee, 1857, 201-202;
license to trade in British Columbia revoked, 1858, 229; relations
towards British Columbia government, 1858, 233-234; Douglas's relation
towards, 263; defends its policy, 264-265; officers of Company at
Victoria, 265; influence with natives, 266-267; builds first Protestant
church at Victoria, 1855, 269. (Sir Georges E. Cartier era) Cartier and MacDougall sent to
England by Canadian government in 1869 to negotiate purchase of
Company's territories in North-West, 68; Company asks exorbitant price,
68; persuaded by Lord Grey to accept L300,000, 68. (General Brock era) Its voyageurs
assist in capture of Michilimackinac, 210. (Sir John A Macdonald era) Its claims investigated,
83; terms upon which it agreed to transfer to the crown its rights to
North-West Territories, 156; protest against unauthorized proceedings in
Red River Settlement, 157. See North-West Company; X Y Company; Fur
Trade; Selkirk. =Bib.=: Bryce, Hudson's Bay Company; Willson, Great
Company; Laut, Conquest of the Great North-West; Burpee, Search for
the Western Sea; Bryce, Romantic History of Lord Selkirk's Colonists;
Ross, Red River Settlement; Hargrave, Red River; Begg, History of
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