Canadian History Dictionary Index : Wilmot Era Grammar School At 85 Bib : Lovell Gazetteer Of
Hunt Thomas Sterry 1826-1892 Born In Norwich Conn Came To
Canada, 1847, at the invitation of Sir William E. Logan, to acc...
Thornton Sir Edward
Born in London, England, 1817; son of Sir Edward
(George Brown Era) Stimulated by British preference of, 1843, 3...
Camosun D Indian Village On Site Of Victoria Bc 175 Meaning Of
(George Brown Era) Growth of, 209; overthrows Sir John A. Macdo...
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) In centre under Murray, 189; in battle o...
Joly De Lotbiniere Sir Henri Gustave 1829-1908 Studied Law And
called to the bar, 1855. Elected to Assembly for Lotbiniere, 18...
Sicotte Louis Victor 1812-1889 Born In St Famille Boucherville
Quebec. Studied law, and called to the bar of Lower Canada, 183...
(John Graves Simcoe era) Establishes school at Niagara and afte...
(Tilley era) Represents Charlotte County in New Brunswick
The gulf coast of the province was discovered by
Cartier in 15...
Talon Jean-baptiste 1625-1691 Born In Picardy France Held
offices in the intendancies of Bordeaux and Lyons, and intendan...
Evans James 1801-1846 Born In Kingston-upon-hull England
Emigrated to Canada; opened a school near L'Original, and about...
Riall Sir Phineas
Entered the army, 1794; lieutenant-colonel, 1806;
saw service ...
Proclamation Of 1764
(Louis Joseph Papineau era) Attorney-general Yorke's opinion of...
Plan of Fort St. John on the river Chambly, Quebec, May 7,
Kent And Strathern Edward Augustus Duke Of 1767-1820 Fourth Son
of George III and father of Queen Victoria. Sent to Canada, 179...
(Bishop Laval era) Member of the Congregation de Notre Dame, 91...
Company Of Rouen And St Malo Champlain's Company
the instance of Champlain, in 1614. The shares ...
Hudson's Bay Company
Organized by a number of English gentlemen, who
sent out a trading expedition to Hudson Bay, in the Nonsuch, in 1668.
This initial venture proved so successful that two other ships were sent
out in 1670; and the same year King Charles granted a charter
incorporating them as "The Governor and Company of Adventurers of
England trading into Hudson's Bay." For many years the operations of the
Company were confined to the shores of Hudson Bay, but the pressure of
competition eventually forced them inland, and at the height of their
power they had established trading-posts from Labrador to the Pacific,
and from California almost to the Arctic. In 1821, the rival North West
Company (q.v.) was absorbed; and in 1869 the company surrendered to
Canada its territorial rights in British North America. =Index=: (Count Frontenac era)
203; trading done and posts established by, 204; redress claimed by, for
losses inflicted by the French, 343. (Lord Dorchester era) Its territory not included in
Canada, 7. (George Brown Era) Deputation of Red River settlers sent to England to
complain of misgovernment by, 212; Gladstone admits charter of Company
not valid, 212; Globe on company's misgovernment of North-West
Territories, 213-214; attacked in series of letters in the Globe,
signed "Huron," 215-216; Toronto Board of Trade on, 216; George Brown
on, 219; Canada takes over North-West Territories, and compensates
Company therefor, 220-221. (Mackenzie / Selkirk / Simpson era) Early policy of, 1; attitude of natives
to, 2; opposition of Montreal traders (afterwards North West Company),
2, 3; sends Hearne inland, 3; averse to conflict with North West
Company, 5; builds posts in Assiniboine and Red River country, 5, 6;
absorbs North West Company, 8; policy towards natives, 51; sends George
Clarke to explore, 56; his incompetence, 56; then sends Philip Turner,
1791, 56; legal basis of its title, 143-145; Selkirk purchases tract of
land in Red River valley, 146; Parliamentary Report of 1857, 212; union
of the Companies, 213-214; takes over management of Selkirk colony, 222;
establishes Council of Assiniboia, 223; notable leaders after the union
of the Companies, 220-223; its influence on side of government, in
Rebellion of 1837, 242; its license to trade renewed, 271; the Report of
1857, 271; opposition to further renewal, 271; evidence taken by
committee, 272-278; committee's report, 279; defended by Sir George
Simpson before Parliamentary committee, 272-278. (Sir James Douglas era) Influence upon
development of Pacific coast, 4; operations typical of British colonial
policy, 11; established in the interior, 12; conserves British interests
in Western America, 17, 18; charged with neglecting to search for route
to Pacific, 51; absorbs North West Company, 1821, 73, 93; birth of, 73;
provisions of its charter, 73-74; its trade and explorations, 74; its
organization, 75-76; its Western department, 76-77; trade routes, 77-78;
its farms on Puget Sound, etc., 78; grist mills and other enterprises,
78; supplies Russians with flour, etc., 78; opens coal mines on
Vancouver Island, 78; influence of these industries on settlement, 79;
treatment of Indians, 79-81; trading-posts, 82; brigades and "York
boats," 82; famous officers of, 83-86; ambitious designs on Pacific
coast and beyond, 114; attempt to establish post on Stikine River,
119-120; permission obtained from Russians to build post on Taku River,
121; operations on Liard and Yukon, 123-125; invades California before
1830, 126; builds post at junction of Sacramento and Jesus Maria rivers,
126; establishes post on San Francisco Bay, 127; sells post and retires
from San Francisco Bay, 127; meets competition of American traders and
companies, 134-136; attitude towards Oregon settlers, 143-144; license
to trade of 1821 renewed in 1838, 191; its provisions, 192; acquires
Vancouver Island, 194; attitude towards settlement there, 194-195;
quarrels with settlers, 198-199; Report of Committee, 1857, 201-202;
license to trade in British Columbia revoked, 1858, 229; relations
towards British Columbia government, 1858, 233-234; Douglas's relation
towards, 263; defends its policy, 264-265; officers of Company at
Victoria, 265; influence with natives, 266-267; builds first Protestant
church at Victoria, 1855, 269. (Sir Georges E. Cartier era) Cartier and MacDougall sent to
England by Canadian government in 1869 to negotiate purchase of
Company's territories in North-West, 68; Company asks exorbitant price,
68; persuaded by Lord Grey to accept L300,000, 68. (General Brock era) Its voyageurs
assist in capture of Michilimackinac, 210. (Sir John A Macdonald era) Its claims investigated,
83; terms upon which it agreed to transfer to the crown its rights to
North-West Territories, 156; protest against unauthorized proceedings in
Red River Settlement, 157. See North-West Company; X Y Company; Fur
Trade; Selkirk. =Bib.=: Bryce, Hudson's Bay Company; Willson, Great
Company; Laut, Conquest of the Great North-West; Burpee, Search for
the Western Sea; Bryce, Romantic History of Lord Selkirk's Colonists;
Ross, Red River Settlement; Hargrave, Red River; Begg, History of
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