Tupper Sir Charles Bart

(1821- ). Born at Amherst, Nova Scotia.

Educated at Acadia College, and at Edinburgh. In 1843 graduated M.D.,

and won the diploma of the Edinburgh Royal College of Surgeons. For some

years practised medicine at Amherst, Nova Scotia. In 1855 began his

political career, being elected to the Nova Scotia Legislature for

Cumberland County. In 1856, when the Johnstone Cabinet was formed,

became provincial secretary, serving
ntil 1860. From 1864 to 1867 prime

minister of Nova Scotia. In 1867 elected member for Cumberland to the

first Dominion Parliament; president of the Privy Council, 1870;

minister of inland revenue, 1872-1873; minister of customs, 1873;

minister of public works, 1878; minister of railways and canals,

1879-1884. Held the position of high commissioner for Canada in England,

1884-1887; and was member of the Fisheries Conference, 1887. Returning

to Canada, was appointed minister of finance, 1887. Created a baronet,

1888. Again became high commissioner, 1888, holding the position until

1896. Returned to Canada, 1896; leader of the House of Commons in the

Bowell administration; four months later on the retirement of Sir M.

Bowell, prime minister of Canada, but was not upheld at the polls on

June 23, 1896. From 1896 to 1900 leader of the Opposition in the House

of Commons, but being defeated in the election of 1906, retired from

active political life. =Index=: (Lord Elgin era) Leads movement for Imperial

Zollverein, 59, 101. (George Brown Era) Tours Canada with other delegates after Quebec

Conference, 166. (Sir Georges E. Cartier era) Secures baronetcy for Cartier, 128; his letter to

Duke of Buckingham, 129. (Joseph Howe era) Establishes free school system in Nova

Scotia, 1864, 80; meets Joseph Howe on political platform in Cumberland

County, 1852, 155-156; defeats him in 1855, 156-157; leads opposition in

Legislature, 163; uses Howe's attack on Irish Roman Catholics as a

handle to overthrow the government, 163-164; becomes provincial

secretary, 167; his fight in Legislature to keep government in office,

168; his retrenchment scheme, 1863, 171; elected by acclamation in

Cumberland, 171-172; becomes leader of government, 172; quotes Howe

against himself in Confederation controversy, 173; his scheme for union

of Maritime Provinces, 175-180; advocates Confederation, 186-189; forms

provincial government, 1867, 198; offered but declines seat in first

Dominion Cabinet, 198; stumps the province against Howe, 199; sole

advocate of Confederation elected in Nova Scotia, 202; secures recruits

from the other side, 203; opposes Nova Scotia repealers in London,

204-205; his interview with Howe, 205-206; letter to Macdonald, 207;

urges Macdonald to visit Nova Scotia, 209; contributes political

articles to magazines, 258. (Sir John A Macdonald era) Premier of Nova Scotia, arranges

Conference at Charlottetown, to discuss Confederation, 104; attends

Conference at Quebec, 104-114; passes through the House a law

establishing compulsory education, 116; Macdonald's first lieutenant,

139; opposes Howe's petition to home government for repeal of British

North America Act, 143-144; letter from Macdonald, 184; supports

Macdonald and national policy, 220; his co-operation with Macdonald,

269-270; summoned from his post of high commissioner to assist in

election campaign of 1891, 315. (Tilley era) Favourable to uniform tariff for

Maritime Provinces, 70; delegate to Charlottetown Conference, 73; to

Quebec Conference, 76; presented to the queen, 124; given a C. B., 132.