The first submarine cables in America were those laid between

New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island, 1851; and between Cape Breton

and Newfoundland, 1856. Newfoundland was connected with Ireland by cable

in 1858. In 1902 the Pacific Cable was laid, between Canada and New

Zealand and Australia. See also Gisborne; Fleming. =Bib.=: Bright,

Submarine Telegraphs; Johnson, The All Red Line.