The first submarine cables in America were those laid between
New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island, 1851; and between Cape Breton
and Newfoundland, 1856. Newfoundland was connected with Ireland by cable
in 1858. In 1902 the Pacific Cable was laid, between Canada and New
Zealand and Australia. See also Gisborne; Fleming. =Bib.=: Bright,
Submarine Telegraphs; Johnson, The All Red Line.