Cape Breton

An island at the eastern extremity of Nova Scotia, now

forming part of that province. Discovered by John Cabot in 1497. First

settlement made by the French in 1712. Town of Louisbourg built and

strongly fortified. It was captured by Pepperrell and Warren in 1745;

restored to France by the treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, 1748; again

captured by the British, under Amherst and Boscawen, 1758. Cape Breton

was a separate colony of Great Britain, 1784-1820, with Sydney (founded

1785) as its capital. In 1820 it was incorporated with Nova Scotia.

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