Baldwin Robert 1804-1858 Index : Baldwin / La Fontaine / Hincks Era Name Associated With





responsible government, ix; a "man of one idea," ix; his ancestry, 23;

born, May 12, 1804, at York, 25; early years, 25; studies law, 25;

called to the bar, 1825, 26; political views, 27; in public life, 28;

drafts Willis petition, 29; enters the Legislature, 31; defeated in next

election, 31; his marriage, 32; appointed to Council by Head, 38;

recommended by Colborne for a seat in Legislative Council, 38-39; death

of his wife, 39; his letter to Peter Perry, 39; disapproves of an

elective Legislative Council, 40; resigns from Council, 41; sails for

England, 42; his connection with Rebellion of 1837, 44-45; enters into

correspondence with La Fontaine and other Lower Canada leaders, 63;

offered by Sydenham solicitor-generalship of Upper Canada, and accepts,

63; made an executive councillor, 64; resigns office, 64; his action

condemned, 64; his motives, 64-67; elected in two constituencies, 69;

solicitor-general for Upper Canada, 76; his views, 76-77; his letter to

Sydenham on personnel of new Cabinet, 78-79; calls meeting of Reform

party, 79; commends reconstruction of ministry, 79-80; his resignation,

80; censured by Poulett Scrope, 80; his uncompromising attitude in

matter of responsible government, 81; his attitude in the Legislature,

85; his speech on responsible government, 1841, 92-94; supports

Neilson's motion against Union Act, 96; sides with French-Canadians on

question of public works, 99; opposes Municipal Government Bill, 102;

his relations with Hincks, 103; his resolutions on responsible

government, 108-110; proposes candidature of La Fontaine in York County,

116; Bagot anxious to bring him into the Cabinet, 121; referred to in

Draper's speech, 127; replies to Draper, 128-130; withdraws amendment,

132; becomes attorney-general for Upper Canada, 134; his defeat in

Hastings--account of the election, 134-136; beaten in York, 136; elected

for Rimouski, 137; attitude of Tories, 139; significance of his alliance

with La Fontaine, 142-143; personal appearance, 148; references to in

petition to governor, 166, 167; Kaye's description of, 169, 170-171;

Davies on, 172; his part in the Assembly, 178-179; moves resolution to

remove capital to Montreal, 182; his speech, 183; his bill for the

discouragement of secret societies, 185-188; burnt in effigy at Toronto,

187; his University of Toronto Bill, 190-197; resigns office, 199; his

interview with Metcalfe, 201; the official statements of La Fontaine and

Metcalfe, giving their respective versions of the causes of the

ministers' resignation, 201-209; presents to Assembly the reasons for

his resignation, 213-214; returns to practise law in Toronto, 217;

Wakefield on, 219; heads the agitation against Metcalfe in Upper Canada,

220; guest of honour at Toronto banquet, 220-221; his speech, 221;

address before Reform Association, 221-223; speaks at public meetings,

225; address from his constituents of Rimouski, 225; tours Lower Canada,

226; his political views, 229-230; Viger's criticism of, 236; Draper on,

236; his speech in Toronto, May, 1844, 238; attacked by Buchanan,

239-240; criticized by Ryerson, 242, 243, 245-246; resigns as Queen's

Counsel, 250; elected in York, 252; his University Bill, 256; moves vote

of censure against the governor-general, 256; attacks Metcalfe in the

Assembly, 257; referred to in Caron's letter, 260; correspondence with

La Fontaine as to Draper's proposals, 261, 262, 263-265; his speech at

public dinner given him in November, 1846, 268-269; his tour of Western

Canada, 269; on responsible government, 273; moves amendment to address,

277; aids in foundation of Emigration Association, 278; elected in York,

279; in second La Fontaine-Baldwin administration, 281-284; proposes

Morin for Speaker, 283; interview with Elgin, 285; re-elected, 286; his

Municipal Corporations Act and University Act, 292-300; revision of

judicial system in Upper Canada, 300-301; his part in Rebellion Losses

Bill, 310, 311-312; burned in effigy in Toronto, 318-319; his boarding

house in Montreal attacked by the mob, 324; petitions for removal of

Navigation Act, 337; his political views, 339-340; his relations with

George Brown, 342; his attitude on secularization of Clergy Reserves,

348-349; his resignation, 352-353; MacNab's tribute, 353; defeated in

York and retires finally from public life, 357; lives in retirement at

"Spadina," 357; made a C.B., 357; offered chief-justiceship of Common

Pleas, 357; and nomination for seat in Legislative Council, 358; failing

health compels him to decline both offers, 358; his death, Dec. 9, 1858,

358; value of his public work, 359-360. (Lord Sydenham era) His premature demand for

strict party government, 187; consulted by Sydenham in regard to Clergy

Reserves question, 247; made solicitor-general, 252; appointed to same

office under Union, 283; advises Sydenham as to choice of returning

officers and polling places, 290; his defection from Sydenham's

government, 294, 296; opposes some of the most beneficial measures of

government, 296; loses for a time sympathy of Reformers, 299, 307;

Sydenham's remarks upon his manoeuvres, 305-307; opposes Sydenham's

Bill for local self-government in Upper Canada, 323. (Egerton Ryerson era) Resigns, 122;

forms party with Hincks, La Fontaine, and others, 122; moves resolutions

on responsible government, 122-123; in the Metcalfe controversy, 126,

128; his scheme for a provincial university, 149-152; his resignation,

152; his University Bill of 1849, 157-159, 160; secures disallowance of

School Bill of 1849, 182. (Lord Elgin era) On responsible government, 28; his

political attitude, 30; forms ministry with La Fontaine in 1842, 31; his

greatest desire the success of responsible government, 32; his conflict

with Metcalfe, 34; in opposition, 45; returned in elections of 1847, 50;

on parliamentary government, 51; sent for by Elgin, 52; attorney-general

for Upper Canada, 53; remains in office until 1851, 85; sound views on

parliamentary practice, 90; his capacity for discreet, practical

statesmanship, 93; carries measure for creation of University of

Toronto, 93, 94; views on Clergy Reserves, 102-103, 160, 162-163, 164;

his resignation and its causes, 103-104, 112; his retirement from

politics, 104, 107; and death, 1858, 104, 220; his strong views on

Imperial connection, 229-230; his value as a statesman, 236. (Louis Joseph Papineau era)

Alliance with La Fontaine, 168. (Sir Georges E. Cartier era) Forms alliance with La Fontaine, 16;

called to Council by Bagot, 16; resigns, 17; called to power again,

1846, 18; "great reformer and good man," 97; his influence with La

Fontaine's against racial antagonisms, 97; with La Fontaine, 99; wins

constitutional battle, 100; circumstances which led to his retirement

from politics, 132. (George Brown Era) Called to Cabinet by Bagot, 16; dispute with

Metcalfe, 19; "father of responsible government," 21; criticized by

Ryerson, 22-23; his views obnoxious to Metcalfe, 23; his wise leadership

of Reformers, 24; forms administration with La Fontaine, 33; burnt in

effigy at Toronto, 36; legislation of his ministry, 39; government

defended by George Brown, 42; his retirement, 44, 47, 48; approves of

MacNab-Morin coalition, 78; leader of movement for responsible

government, 261; disintegration of old Reform party hastened by his

retirement, 262. (Sir John A Macdonald era) Brought into Cabinet by Sir Charles Bagot, 18;

resigns, 1843, 18; criticized by extremists in his own party, 22;

resigns from La Fontaine-Baldwin ministry, 46; approves coalition of

1854, 64; cause of his resignation, 78-79. (William Lyon Mackenzie era) Defends Judge Willis,

133; supported by Mackenzie, 159; elected to the Assembly, 159; on banks

in politics, 170; appointed executive councillor, 294; resigns, 294;

goes to England, 305; opposed by Head, 305; accompanies flag of truce,

368; retires from Executive Council, 408; Mackenzie defeats government

of, 492. =Bib.=: Dent, Can. Por. and Last Forty Years; Taylor,

Brit. Am.; Davin, The Irishman in Canada; Baldwin, Correspondence

(Toronto Public Library Mss.).





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