American Invasion 1775-1776 Grew Out Of The Belief Entertained By

the rebellious colonists that the French of Canada could readily be won

to their side. As a matter of fact the latter, while for the most part

showing no enthusiasm to join Carleton's forces, were still less

inclined to cooperate with the invading army under Montgomery and

Arnold, or to support the movement for union with the New Englanders. On

the other hand, the Americans had a number of English-speaking

sympathizers in Montreal--men who had come there from the colonies to

the south. This, and its geographical position, made the capture of

Montreal an easy matter; but Quebec was a different problem. Here

Carleton gathered a small but efficient force of regulars and militia,

and successfully held the town against the invading army. Montgomery was

killed in the assault, Dec. 31, 1775, and in the spring of 1776 the

siege was raised. The invading army hastily retreated to Montreal, and

finally was driven out of the country. =Index=: (Louis Joseph Papineau era) Joseph Papineau

carries despatch to Carleton, 5. (Lord Dorchester era) Agitation worked up by American

emissaries, 79-80; disaffection in Montreal, 82; seizure of Ticonderoga

and Crown Point, 82; Arnold captures vessel on Lake Champlain, 83;

defence of St. Johns, 84-85; martial law proclaimed, 86; militia called

out, 86-88; the habitants indifferent or disaffected, 88;

English-speaking inhabitants of Montreal refuse to serve, 88; Guy

Johnson raises Indian levies, 88; measures of defence, 90-93; Congress

decides to invade Canada, 95-96; Arnold starts for the Kennebec, 96;

Montgomery assumes command, 97; Allen appears before Montreal, is

captured and sent to England, 98-99; Montgomery lays siege to St. Johns,

100-101; Chambly captured by the Americans, 101; Preston surrenders at

St. Johns, 102; Arnold marches on Quebec, 106-111; Carleton escapes to

Quebec, 112-113; organizes the defence, 114-115; progress of the siege,

118-124; Montgomery and Arnold attack the city, 124-126; death of

Montgomery, 126; failure of Arnold's attack, 127-132; Franklin's mission

to Montreal, 135-136; arrival of the fleet at Quebec with

reinforcements, 137; Carleton attacks the Americans, 138-139; evacuation

of Canada, 141-147. See also Montgomery; Arnold; Dorchester; Ethan

Allen. =Bib.=: Kingsford, History of Canada; Smith, Our Struggle for

the Fourteenth Colony; Stone, Invasion of Canada; Codman, Arnold's

Expedition to Quebec; Lucas, History of Canada; Coffin, The Province

of Quebec and the Early American Revolution; Bradley, The Making of


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