Canadian History Dictionary Fort St James
On Stuart Lake, northern British Columbia. =Index=:
Billings Elkanah 1820-1876 Born In Township Of Gloucester
Ontario. Studied law, called to the bar, 1845, and practised in...
A Map Of The Sea Coast Of New England According To The Actual Survey
made thereof by Captain Cyprian Southack. As also the outlines ...
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Force gathered by, and Ligneris, dispers...
Estaing Charles Hector Theodat Count D' 1729-1794 Sir Frederick Haldimand Era His
proclamation to French-Canadians, 123. =Bib.=: Cyc. Am. Biog.
Doyle Sir Charles Hastings 1805-1883 Served In The Army Commander
of the forces in Nova Scotia, 1861-1868; lieutenant-governor of...
Gray John Hamilton 1811-1887 Born In Prince Edward Island Entered
the army, 1831, and served for twenty-one years, retiring 1852....
Beaupre Seigniory Of
(Bishop Laval era) Acquired for Seminary of Quebec, 58;
President And Little Belt
(General Brock era) Affair of, 173.
Founded at Montreal, 1784, in opposition to the
North West Com...
(Tilley era) Elected for St. John, New Brunswick, 25.
(Samuel de Champlain era) Vessel of David Kirke, 178.
Peace River Pass
The gorge cut by the Peace River through the Rocky
On south shore of St. Lawrence, opposite Quebec.
Macdonald John Alexander
(Sir John A Macdonald era) Eldest son of Sir John A.
See Company of New France.
Bib : Hannay History Of New Brunswick
Index : Louis Joseph Papineau Era Applies Name Of Chouayens To Those Who Would Not Follow
Papineau, 68; withdraws from Papineau's party, 117; denounced b...
Jackson Francis James 1770-1814 British Diplomatist Index : General Brock Era
Succeeds W. Erskine as British minister at Washington, 122. =Bi...
(Samuel de Champlain era) Jesuit, founder of missions at Nipisi...
Haldimand Sir Frederick 1718-1791 Sir Frederick Haldimand Era Descent And Birth 1-3
antagonism to French nation, 3; joins Prussian army, 3; previous
military service, 5; present at battle of Mollwitz, 6; his admiration
for the king of Prussia, 6; recommended to command of second battalion,
Royal American regiment, 9; stationed at Philadelphia, 11; sent to
Albany and afterwards to southern colonies to recruit, 13; but slightly
acquainted with the English language, 15; popular in the military
profession, 15; resemblance to George Washington, 15; exchanges to
fourth battalion of Royal Americans, 17; joins expedition against
Canada, 17; wounded at Ticonderoga (Carillon), 21; in correspondence
with General Gage, 22, 23; in command at Fort Edward, 22; marches to
Oswego, 25; repulses attack of French under La Corne de St. Luc, 26;
yields precedence at Niagara to Sir W. Johnson, 27; returns to Oswego,
27; builds block-houses, 32; makes vegetable gardens for benefit of his
troops, 33; joins in attack on Fort de Levis, 36; ordered to take
possession of one of the gates of Montreal, 38; demands the French
flags, 39; remains two years at Montreal under Gage, 40; succeeds Burton
at Three Rivers, 42; promoted to rank of colonel in British army, 42;
becomes British subject, 42; divides government of Three Rivers into
four districts, 43; his proclamations, 45; his relations with Murray,
49; with his nephew, 50; his land purchases, 50, 51; on Burton's return
to Montreal, 53; again at Three Rivers, 53; suppresses irregular trading
with Indians, 54; difficulties of his position, 60; obtains leave of
absence and visits England, 61; transferred to Florida, 63; unpleasant
relations with Governor Johnstone, 65, 73; improves conditions for the
troops, 66-69; lays out gardens, 71; tries to promote agriculture among
Indian tribes, 72; surveys Mobile River and Bay, 77, 78; transferred to
St. Augustine, 78; his farm of Mon Plaisir, 78; sent back to
Pensacola, 80; his position pecuniarily burdensome, 82, 87; made major
and placed in command at New York, 83; his attitude in relation to
colonial trouble, 84, 85; visits relatives in Pennsylvania, 87;
relations with Governor Tryon, 89; his views on employment of troops in
Indian and civil disturbances, 89, 90, 92; foresees civil war, 98;
summoned by Gage to Boston, 102; his property in New York stolen or
destroyed, 103; recalled to England, 105; his reception there, 106; made
inspector-general of forces in West Indies, and raised to rank of
general in America and lieutenant-general in the army, 107; receives
L3000 to cover past outlays, 107; appointed governor of Canada, in
succession to Carleton, 113; visits Yverdun, 113, 116; his reception at
Quebec, and at Montreal, 117, 119; receives news of a treaty between
France, Spain, and the revolted colonies, 124; fortifies post on
Carleton Island, 124; his distrust of French-Canadians, 127, 128; issues
letters of marque, 130; improves mail service with England, 131; his
report to Lord George Germaine, 132-143; his policy with the Indians,
147, 259; opens letter addressed by Guy Johnson to Germaine, 155;
reprimanded, 156; his efforts to keep peace between rival officers,
157-159; prohibited trading by officials, 162; on the value of Indian
allies, 164; negotiates with Washington for Henry Hamilton's release
from prison, 169; his later opinion of Indians in battle, 170;
disapproves the savagery of Butler's Indians, 170; suspends Allsopp,
member of Council, for sedition, 175; surrounded by spies, 175;
disagreements with Council, 176-178; prohibits exportation of grain,
177; befriends Ursuline nuns, 179; his rules of conduct, 179; sends back
two priests from France, 181; strengthens fortifications of Quebec, 183;
causes canals to be made at Coteau du Lac and Cascades, 185; visit to
Montreal and benefactions to its institutions, 186; greatly mortified by
despatch hinting that, in case of extreme danger, Carleton might be sent
to take command, 188; desires to resign his post, 189; concerned at
sympathy of leading French-Canadians with the French in the war, 190;
takes census, 190; founds library at Quebec, 190; exercises a certain
censorship of press, 191; his proclamations, 192; consents to remain in
Canada till conclusion of peace, 194; his cautious attitude in
connection with the Vermont question, 200, 208, 211, 212; breaks off
negotiations, 217; his instructions regarding vaccination, 230;
exercises fatherly care over his officers, 236; his opinion of Canadian
horses, 245; his resemblance in character to Washington, 250; receives
Baron Steuben at Sorel, 259; declines to surrender western forts, 260;
assists the North West Company, 261; his advice to home government
respecting western posts, 262; opposed to idea of military settlement in
eastern townships, 264; efforts on behalf of Loyalists, 265; the founder
of Ontario, 271; his unpopularity, 273; has to grapple with treasonable
intrigues, 273-282; admissions in his favour by French-Canadian
authorities, 291, 292; the kindness of his disposition, 293-296;
godfather to two of Baron Riedesel's children, 296, 299; his physical
ailments, 299; his garden at Quebec, 299; his regard for the Riedesels,
299-304; his departure from Canada, 309; arrested at suit of Du Calvet,
310; bailed by his nephew, 311; receives Order of the Bath, 313, 322;
promoted to be general in America, 313; his papers in the Archives in
Ottawa, 319; Dr. Brymner's opinion of, 320; his diary, 321; the king's
high regard for him, 321, 322; the queen's, 322, 336; characteristics,
323-329; his opinion of Lord Amherst, 326; on friendly terms with Lord
Sydney, 326; his hospitality to Canadians, 327; meets Sir Guy Carleton,
in London, 330; his opinions of various persons, 332, 333; notes from
his diary, 333-340; poor opinion of the French, 335; goes to
Switzerland, 336; returns to London, 337; his death, 340; his will,
340-343; memorial tablet to, in Westminster Abbey, 346; his devotion to
British interests, 347. (General Brock era) His able administration of the government
of Canada, 37; first canals made under his orders, 48. (Lord Dorchester era) His valuable
papers, 7; news received of his appointment as governor, 183; his
unwillingness to accept post, 183; arrival of, 189; exchange of
prisoners made by, 207. (Lord Elgin era) Constructs St. Lawrence canals, 97. =Bib.=:
Kingsford, History of Canada; Lucas, History of Canada; Bradley,
The Making of Canada; Dict. Nat. Biog.; Haldimand Papers (Canadian
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