Canadian History Dictionary Seigniorial Tenure
The history of this feudal system of land tenure,
Finances Of Canada
(Lord Sydenham era) Sydenham's efforts to rehabilitate, 315-320...
Bib : Morgan Can Men
Laird David 1833- Born At New Glasgow Prince Edward Island
Represented Queens County, in House of Commons, 1873-1876; beca...
(Samuel de Champlain era) A settler from La Ferte Vidame, in Th...
Alexander Vii Pope 1599-1667 Born Fabio Chigi Elected Pope 1655
(Bishop Laval era) Laval's relations with, 138. (Lord Elgin era...
Russian-american Fur Company
Chartered in 1799, with a monopoly of
the fur trade of Russian...
(Tilley era) Offers to build European and North American Railwa...
Nairne Captain John
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Haldimand gives him rank of major...
(General Brock era) Opposite Fort Erie, fortified, 197.
Rises in Upper Columbia Lake, lat. 50 deg. 10', long.
Published at Toronto. =Index=: (William Lyon Mackenzie era) New...
Irving Jacob Aemilius 1797-1856 Born At Charleston South Carolina
Entered the army at an early age; severely wounded at Waterloo;...
(Lord Dorchester era) American officer, demands surrender of Ca...
(Lord Elgin era) On British ignorance of Canada, and Elgin's
(Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Three Rivers founded by, in 1634,...
Stewart Sir William 1774-1827 British General Index : General Brock Era In
command of marines in expedition to Baltic, 24, 29; organizes R...
A lake situated between Lake Ontario and Georgian Bay; named
(Samuel de Champlain era) Commissioner in dispute between Kirke...
Champlain Samuel 1567?-1635 Wolfe / Montcalm Era His Elevated Sentiments 20 Samuel De Champlain Era
Birth and education, 1; sails to West Indies, Mexico, and Panama in
command of Spanish vessel, 3, 4; suggests channel through isthmus, 5;
captures English vessels and returns to France, 6; publishes account of
travels, 7; obtains pension and made hydrographer to king of France, 8;
accepts offer of Aymar de Chastes of Dieppe to go to Canada, 9; arrives
at Tadoussac, 10; explores Saguenay, 12; ascends St. Lawrence to Sault
St. Louis, anchors at Quebec, and explores Gaspesia, 13; sails for
France, 14; submits narrative of his voyages to the king, 14;
accompanies De Monts to Acadia, 19; explores country and gives names to
places, 19; describes river St. John, 20; discovers a copper mine, 22;
makes plan of Ste. Croix Island, 24; explores coast of Norembega, 25;
describes Pentagouet (Penobscot) River, 27; further explorations, 30;
describes settlement at Port Royal, 32; returns to France, 37; sails for
Quebec, 40; resists Basque traders, 40; arrives at Quebec, 41;
conspiracy formed against, 42; execution of chief conspirator, 43;
explores vicinity of Quebec, 44; illness, 46; fits out expedition
against Iroquois, 47; conference with Huron chiefs, 48; his Indian
policy, 49-52; encounter with Iroquois on Lake Champlain, 53; sails for
France, 54; has audience with the king, 55; consults with De Monts, 56;
returns to Canada, 59; arrives at Quebec, 61; proceeds again to attack
Iroquois, 61; wounded in encounter near mouth of Richelieu River, 62;
returns to Quebec, 63; hears of the assassination of Henry IV, and sails
for France, 64; marries Helene Boulle, 65-67; returns to Canada, 67;
arrives at Quebec, 68; makes a clearing at Montreal, 69; names St.
Helen's Island after his wife, 69; sails for France, 70; final interview
with De Monts, 71; motives for pursuing his work in Canada, 72, 82;
becomes lieutenant in Canada of Charles de Bourbon, Comte de Soissons,
73; on death of Soissons, becomes lieutenant of the Prince de Conde and
returns to Canada, 73; arrives at Quebec and proceeds to Falls of St.
Louis, 74; goes up the Ottawa River, 75; his astrolabe, 76; sails for
France, 79; engages the services of missionaries for Canada, 83; brings
to Canada three Recollet fathers and one friar, 85; arriving at Quebec,
proceeds to Falls of St. Louis, 85; ascends Ottawa River, passes through
Lake Nipissing into Georgian Bay and reaches territory of Hurons, 88;
proceeds with Hurons on another campaign against Iroquois, 101; wounded
in fight with Iroquois, 103; desires to return to Quebec, but is
detained by Hurons, 103; settles quarrel between Algonquians and Hurons,
105; returns to Quebec, 106; convokes meeting to consider question of
missions, 108; sails for France, 111; returns to Canada (1617), 112;
sails for France (1618), 116; returns to Canada (1620), 121; his
projects for the advancement of Canada, 124, 125; obtains letter from
the king in his favour, 126; his commission renewed by Duc de
Montmorency, 129; takes his wife to Canada, 129; receives letters from
Montmorency and the king, 130, 131; his difficulties with rival
Companies, 132, 136; confirmed as lieutenant of viceroy, 137; salary and
trading privileges, 138; publishes ordinances, 139; returns to France
with his wife (1624), 141; meets Montmorency, 150; appointed by the Duc
de Ventadour as his lieutenant, 152; sails for Canada (1626), 155;
arrives at Quebec, 156; fortifies Cape Diamond, 157; reconstructs Fort
St. Louis, 158; his treatment of the Indians, 159; tries to make an
alliance with Iroquois, 160; his policy towards the Montagnais, 162;
imprisons Montagnais suspected of murder, 165; receives three young
Montagnais girls to be educated, 165; one of the Hundred Associates
(Company of New France), 170; forms establishment at Cap Tourmente, 171;
criticizes conduct of Roquemont, 175; summoned by David Kirke to
surrender Quebec, 176; his answer, 178; builds mill for grinding pease,
180; sends part of population of Quebec to Gaspe, 181; asserts
superiority of his commission over Pont-Grave's, 182; summoned by Kirke
to surrender Quebec, 188; capitulates, 190; his action criticized, 192,
193; signs articles of capitulation on board Kirke's ship, 195; delayed
several weeks at Tadoussac, 204; his two Indian girls, Esperance and
Charite, taken back by the Indians, 205; embarks for France, 206; goes
to London and sees French ambassador, 207; shows him map of the country,
211; names given by, to harbours and rivers of New England, 212; crosses
over to France, and has interview with the king, 212; returns to Quebec
(1633), 228; takes active part in civilization of Micmacs, 237; erects
chapel of Notre Dame de la Recouvrance, 238; his bequest to it, 239;
appointed governor, by Company of New France (Hundred Associates), 244;
his last letter to Cardinal Richelieu, 246; defrays expenses of some
families coming to Canada, 250; approves of exclusion of Protestants as
settlers, 255; his piety, 258; death, 261; question of his tomb, 261;
his will, 265; will set aside, 266; character and fame, 267; monument
to, 268, 275; the Father of New France, 269; crossed the Atlantic twenty
times, 270; his conduct towards and influence over Indian tribes, 271;
his Indian alliances, 272; his writings, 274, 275; eulogies pronounced
on, 276-279. (Count Frontenac era) Early career of, 3; sails for St. Lawrence and explores
river to Lachine Rapids, 4; explores Baie des Chaleurs, returns to
France, 5; accompanies De Monts to Acadia, 7; founder of Quebec, 8; plot
against his life, 8; expedition against Iroquois, 9; returns to France
and sails again for Canada, 10; returns to France, marries, and sails
again for Canada, 11; prospects island of Montreal, 12; returns to
France (1611), sails for Canada (1613), again to France, again to Canada
(1615), 13; brings out Recollet missionaries, 13; heads another
expedition against Iroquois, 14; begins construction of Chateau St.
Louis, 15; surrenders Quebec to English under Kirke, 20; lands in
England, 21; urges restitution of Canada, 22; sails for Quebec (1633),
24; death of, 26. (Bishop Laval era) His anxiety for the propagation of the faith, 4;
his pious administration, 8. =Bib.=: Works: [OE]uvres de Champlain
(Laverdiere), 1870; Voyages (Laverdiere), 1870; Voyages (trans. by
Otis, with memoir by Slafter), 1878-1882; Grant, Voyages of Samuel de
Champlain; Bourne, Champlain's Voyages; Biggar, Works of Samuel de
Champlain (Champlain Society, in prep.). For bib. of the original
editions, see Harrisse, Notes pour Servir, etc. For biog., see
Gravier, Vie de Samuel Champlain; Sedgwick, Samuel de Champlain;
Dix, Champlain: the Founder of New France; Verreau, Samuel de
Champlain (R. S. C., 1899); Parkman, Pioneers of France; Dent, Can.
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