Canadian History Dictionary Archives
Provision was made by the Parliament of Canada, in 1872, for
Strachan John 1778-1867 Born In Aberdeen Scotland Graduated At
King's College, Aberdeen, 1796. Came to Canada, 1799, and opene...
Cumberland William Augustus Duke Of 1721-1765 Second Son Of
George II. Commanded British armies in Flanders and Hanover. =I...
City of Ontario, on Burlington Bay, west end of Lake
Ellice Edward 1781-1863 Louis Joseph Papineau Era Seignior Of Beauharnois Suggests To
colonial secretary union of Upper and Lower Canada, 47; his des...
Haviland T H
(1822-1895). Born at Charlottetown, Prince Edward
(General Brock era) Name at first given to king's battery in Qu...
Ste Croix Island
Near the entrance to the Bay of Fundy; explored by
Ontario. Plan of the new settlement from Point a Bodet
See Champlain, Lake.
St Rome Chevalier De
(Wolfe / Montcalm era) Sent in charge of provisions to Quebec,
Chateau De Ramezay
At Montreal. =Index=: (Sir Frederick Haldimand era) Purchased f...
Son of Antoine Daniel, of Dieppe. Made a notable
voyage to New...
Bibaud Michel 1782-1857 Educated At The College Of St Raphael
Fort St Frederic
See Crown Point. =Index=: (Wolfe / Montcalm era) At head of Lak...
Charlevoix Pierre-francois-xavier De 1682-1761 First Came To
Canada in 1705, as an instructor in the Jesuits' College at Que...
Haro Gonzalez Lopez De
(Sir James Douglas era) Finds Russian establishments, 38. =Bib....
Rises in the watershed range of the Rocky Mountains,
close to ...
Montreal Island Of
(Lord Dorchester era) Limit of French settlement, 8; governorsh...
Dieskau Jean Armand Baron De 1701-1777 Of German Descent Served
with distinction under Marshal Saxe. When it was made known to ...
Champlain Samuel 1567?-1635 Wolfe / Montcalm Era His Elevated Sentiments 20 Samuel De Champlain Era
Birth and education, 1; sails to West Indies, Mexico, and Panama in
command of Spanish vessel, 3, 4; suggests channel through isthmus, 5;
captures English vessels and returns to France, 6; publishes account of
travels, 7; obtains pension and made hydrographer to king of France, 8;
accepts offer of Aymar de Chastes of Dieppe to go to Canada, 9; arrives
at Tadoussac, 10; explores Saguenay, 12; ascends St. Lawrence to Sault
St. Louis, anchors at Quebec, and explores Gaspesia, 13; sails for
France, 14; submits narrative of his voyages to the king, 14;
accompanies De Monts to Acadia, 19; explores country and gives names to
places, 19; describes river St. John, 20; discovers a copper mine, 22;
makes plan of Ste. Croix Island, 24; explores coast of Norembega, 25;
describes Pentagouet (Penobscot) River, 27; further explorations, 30;
describes settlement at Port Royal, 32; returns to France, 37; sails for
Quebec, 40; resists Basque traders, 40; arrives at Quebec, 41;
conspiracy formed against, 42; execution of chief conspirator, 43;
explores vicinity of Quebec, 44; illness, 46; fits out expedition
against Iroquois, 47; conference with Huron chiefs, 48; his Indian
policy, 49-52; encounter with Iroquois on Lake Champlain, 53; sails for
France, 54; has audience with the king, 55; consults with De Monts, 56;
returns to Canada, 59; arrives at Quebec, 61; proceeds again to attack
Iroquois, 61; wounded in encounter near mouth of Richelieu River, 62;
returns to Quebec, 63; hears of the assassination of Henry IV, and sails
for France, 64; marries Helene Boulle, 65-67; returns to Canada, 67;
arrives at Quebec, 68; makes a clearing at Montreal, 69; names St.
Helen's Island after his wife, 69; sails for France, 70; final interview
with De Monts, 71; motives for pursuing his work in Canada, 72, 82;
becomes lieutenant in Canada of Charles de Bourbon, Comte de Soissons,
73; on death of Soissons, becomes lieutenant of the Prince de Conde and
returns to Canada, 73; arrives at Quebec and proceeds to Falls of St.
Louis, 74; goes up the Ottawa River, 75; his astrolabe, 76; sails for
France, 79; engages the services of missionaries for Canada, 83; brings
to Canada three Recollet fathers and one friar, 85; arriving at Quebec,
proceeds to Falls of St. Louis, 85; ascends Ottawa River, passes through
Lake Nipissing into Georgian Bay and reaches territory of Hurons, 88;
proceeds with Hurons on another campaign against Iroquois, 101; wounded
in fight with Iroquois, 103; desires to return to Quebec, but is
detained by Hurons, 103; settles quarrel between Algonquians and Hurons,
105; returns to Quebec, 106; convokes meeting to consider question of
missions, 108; sails for France, 111; returns to Canada (1617), 112;
sails for France (1618), 116; returns to Canada (1620), 121; his
projects for the advancement of Canada, 124, 125; obtains letter from
the king in his favour, 126; his commission renewed by Duc de
Montmorency, 129; takes his wife to Canada, 129; receives letters from
Montmorency and the king, 130, 131; his difficulties with rival
Companies, 132, 136; confirmed as lieutenant of viceroy, 137; salary and
trading privileges, 138; publishes ordinances, 139; returns to France
with his wife (1624), 141; meets Montmorency, 150; appointed by the Duc
de Ventadour as his lieutenant, 152; sails for Canada (1626), 155;
arrives at Quebec, 156; fortifies Cape Diamond, 157; reconstructs Fort
St. Louis, 158; his treatment of the Indians, 159; tries to make an
alliance with Iroquois, 160; his policy towards the Montagnais, 162;
imprisons Montagnais suspected of murder, 165; receives three young
Montagnais girls to be educated, 165; one of the Hundred Associates
(Company of New France), 170; forms establishment at Cap Tourmente, 171;
criticizes conduct of Roquemont, 175; summoned by David Kirke to
surrender Quebec, 176; his answer, 178; builds mill for grinding pease,
180; sends part of population of Quebec to Gaspe, 181; asserts
superiority of his commission over Pont-Grave's, 182; summoned by Kirke
to surrender Quebec, 188; capitulates, 190; his action criticized, 192,
193; signs articles of capitulation on board Kirke's ship, 195; delayed
several weeks at Tadoussac, 204; his two Indian girls, Esperance and
Charite, taken back by the Indians, 205; embarks for France, 206; goes
to London and sees French ambassador, 207; shows him map of the country,
211; names given by, to harbours and rivers of New England, 212; crosses
over to France, and has interview with the king, 212; returns to Quebec
(1633), 228; takes active part in civilization of Micmacs, 237; erects
chapel of Notre Dame de la Recouvrance, 238; his bequest to it, 239;
appointed governor, by Company of New France (Hundred Associates), 244;
his last letter to Cardinal Richelieu, 246; defrays expenses of some
families coming to Canada, 250; approves of exclusion of Protestants as
settlers, 255; his piety, 258; death, 261; question of his tomb, 261;
his will, 265; will set aside, 266; character and fame, 267; monument
to, 268, 275; the Father of New France, 269; crossed the Atlantic twenty
times, 270; his conduct towards and influence over Indian tribes, 271;
his Indian alliances, 272; his writings, 274, 275; eulogies pronounced
on, 276-279. (Count Frontenac era) Early career of, 3; sails for St. Lawrence and explores
river to Lachine Rapids, 4; explores Baie des Chaleurs, returns to
France, 5; accompanies De Monts to Acadia, 7; founder of Quebec, 8; plot
against his life, 8; expedition against Iroquois, 9; returns to France
and sails again for Canada, 10; returns to France, marries, and sails
again for Canada, 11; prospects island of Montreal, 12; returns to
France (1611), sails for Canada (1613), again to France, again to Canada
(1615), 13; brings out Recollet missionaries, 13; heads another
expedition against Iroquois, 14; begins construction of Chateau St.
Louis, 15; surrenders Quebec to English under Kirke, 20; lands in
England, 21; urges restitution of Canada, 22; sails for Quebec (1633),
24; death of, 26. (Bishop Laval era) His anxiety for the propagation of the faith, 4;
his pious administration, 8. =Bib.=: Works: [OE]uvres de Champlain
(Laverdiere), 1870; Voyages (Laverdiere), 1870; Voyages (trans. by
Otis, with memoir by Slafter), 1878-1882; Grant, Voyages of Samuel de
Champlain; Bourne, Champlain's Voyages; Biggar, Works of Samuel de
Champlain (Champlain Society, in prep.). For bib. of the original
editions, see Harrisse, Notes pour Servir, etc. For biog., see
Gravier, Vie de Samuel Champlain; Sedgwick, Samuel de Champlain;
Dix, Champlain: the Founder of New France; Verreau, Samuel de
Champlain (R. S. C., 1899); Parkman, Pioneers of France; Dent, Can.
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