One of the tribes of the Iroquois confederacy. Parkman gives
four forms of the name: Cayugas, Caiyoquos, Goiogoens, Gweugwehonoh.
Their fighting strength is given in the Relation of 1660 as 300. At
this time, however, they had been weakened by continual warfare. The
Cayuga villages stood on the shore of Cayuga Lake, and their territory
extended from that lake to the Owasco, both included. The tribe lay
between the Senecas on the west and the Onondagas on the east. By the
beginning of the nineteenth century they had been crowded off their
ancestral lands, and scattered abroad. Some seven hundred are now on the
Six Nation reserve, in the Niagara peninsula. The remainder are for the
most part in the western United States. =Index=: (Samuel de Champlain era) Iroquois tribe,
50. See also Iroquois; Senecas; Onondagas; Mohawks; Tuscaroras.
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